Too many blackouts: How underserved communities are making utilities listen
Cheryl Watson has lived for 60 years in the same bungalow where she grew up in Chatham, on the south side of Chicago. For most people, losing electricity is an inconvenience, but in an aging, underserved community like Chatham, a power outage can quickly become a crisis.
“Houses around here didn’t need AC when I was growing up, but now climate change means they do,” says Watson. “When we lose power in the summer, it can become a medical emergency for older folks like me.”
Chronic disinvestment in Chatham, where the population is mostly Black and middle and lower-income, compounds these risks. “If there’s even a little rain, the neighborhood floods and you’re trapped, and the nearest decent hospital is miles away,” says Watson.
What’s worse, communities like Chatham are more likely to experience a dangerous power failure.
In Chicago, power outages are 83% more frequent, and last 140% longer, in low-wealth and minority communities compared to whiter, wealthier communities.
These disparities are due in part to older, less reliable electric infrastructure. Neighborhoods without critical facilities like hospitals, and without a growing number of new solar connections, are not prioritized for upgrades.
Plus, members of these underserved communities have historically not been at the table when energy decisions are being made. If they're unable to express their experiences, their concerns cannot be taken into account.
Environmental Defense Fund attorney Christie Hicks is working to get community voices in the room where it happens.
Public utility commissions call the shots
Utilities are regulated by small, technocratic bodies called public utility commissions. Typically composed of three to five members appointed by the governor, they control what rates utilities can charge, how they distribute costs between residential and industrial customers and what energy infrastructure they can build.
People who submit testimony during a commission’s public hearings are generally engineers, economists, scientists, “or someone else with a lot of letters after their name,” says Hicks.
There’s no legal reason why a community member can’t testify. But there are a lot of barriers.
“You need an attorney, you have to understand this really nuanced body of law, and make sense of some truly arcane language and procedures,” says Hicks.
Plus, it’s not how things have historically been done at these slow-to-evolve commissions.
Local expertise is key
Hicks is developing a system for collecting and incorporating testimony from community members into public utility legal proceedings. It’s a little like collecting citizen science, but in a legal context. She’s researching different techniques that community members can use to document what is really going on in their communities, like the lingering effects of shuttered fossil fuel facilities.
Hicks and her team are also evaluating cases where this kind of testimony will have the biggest impact.
“The goal is to have lived experience in an impacted community recognized as a legitimate form of expertise,” says Hicks.
Her initial efforts are already paying off. Hicks recently worked with Watson to submit testimony in a case about evaluating utility performance. The commission sided with Watson and EDF. It will now require the utility to provide data that will clearly show if certain neighborhoods are receiving less reliable service than others.
And the utility will have a portion of its profits tied to how it performs, based on these equity-focused numbers.
“It all begins with who is at the table when decisions are being made,” says Watson. “If people from frontline communities, who are the keepers of their community's history, are not at the table, then history is destined to be repeated.”
Changing how utilities do business isn’t going to happen overnight, says Hicks, but she is motivated by the community leaders she works with, who are relentless in their push for progress.
“As one of my community members likes to remind me,” says Hicks, “it ain’t over till we win.”
Hope for a warming planet
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